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My House Apartments Cremona

Via Cadolini 11 · Cremona 26100 · Italy · Phone +39 338 9292250 · Contacts ·
Historical background

Antica Via Postumia - Cremona

Carlo Magno -  Cremona

Francesco Sforza - Cremona

Cremona was probably founded by the Etruscans, the Cenomani tribe, and in 218 BC was captured by the Romans, under whom it became a stronghold in the Po Valley in the struggle against the barbarian peoples. Being at the core of the main communication routes connecting Genoa and Aquileia, along the famous Postumian Way, the town played a vital role in northern Italy at that time.

In 603, under King Agilulf, Cremona became part of the Lombard kingdom. Its territory was afterwards shared out between the dukedoms of Brescia and Bergamo. After a period under the Episcopal authority, the town was taken over by Charlemagne, thus becoming part of the Holy Roman Empire. Cremona opposed Milan and Crema, joined the imperial party led by Frederick Barbarossa and in 1249 became the core of a vast seignory covering the areas of Lombardy and Piedmont.

In 1266 the Ghibellines (the imperial party) were defeated in Benevento and since then, under the Cavalvabòs, the town suffered the revenge of the Guelphs (who supported the Pope). Due to its opposition to the Ghibelline party during the invasion of Henry VII in 1311, Cremona lost its status of independent town and, from then on, it was successively controlled by the Cavalcabòs, the Viscontis and finally the Sforzas (1441), under whose authority it gained prestige at both cultural and religious levels and became an important centre of excellence for music.

The Spanish ruled over Cremona from 1525 to 1702, when the Austrians took control of it. In the XVII century the town was renowned at European level for its lute-making tradition and, since then, it has been known as the town where the most famous lute makers were born. In 1796 the French took Cremona, which became part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy as administrative centre of the Upper Po area until 1814. It was then captured by the Austrians, against which it rebelled in 1848, becoming thus part of the unified Kingdom of Italy.

Art in Cremona
La Cattedrale - Cremona

In the past Cremona used to have towers, gates and walls and was surrounded by a wide moat. The town resisted the onslaughts of the Gallic people and of Hannibal of Carthage, thus gaining the status of independent municipality. In 69, after the second battle of Bedriaco, Vespasian’s troops sacked it and, despite his subsequent endeavours for its rebuilding, the town didn’t reach its past prosperity. Cremona opposed Milan and Crema and joined the imperial party in the period between Frederick Barbarossa and Frederick II. In 1098 it officially became a commune. In 1334 it was captured by Azzone Visconti, therefore undergoing the authority of the Dukedom of Milan. During the Renaissance the town flourished thanks to its pictorial school, which enriched its wonderful palaces with terracotta decorations.

Monuments and Museums in Cremona
Dettaglio Cattedrale - Cremona

With its numberless artistic beauties and wonderful itineraries, Cremona is an interesting tourist attraction. The town square, in particular, is considered one of the most beautiful medieval squares in Italy. It is surrounded by many monuments, among which stands the Torrazzo, the town bell tower and symbol of Cremona.
Cremona has a wide range of museums, which, offering various kinds of collections and activities, give the opportunity to discover the historical and cultural background of the town from different perspectives.

Palazzos and Churches in Cremona
Torre Campanaria - Cremona

You cannot miss the old town centre and the bell tower overlooking the square, on which a big, beautiful XVII-century clock the strikes the hours. The wonderful sight of the Alps and the Apennines you can enjoy from the top of the tower is worth the 487 stairs to climb. The Cathedral dates back to the beginning of the XII century and the octagonal Romanesque Baptistery, built in 1167, is embellished with an inner loggia and an unusual lancet dome. Very important are the Loggia dei Militi and the XIII-century town hall, where 4 precious violins (masterpieces created by famous lute makers such as Amati, Stradivari and Guarnieri ) are on display in a small room. The churches in Cremona are worth a visit as well: St Michele’s (Romanesque XII-century basilica), St Agostino’s (XIV century, where a painting by Perugino is kept), St Agata’s (decorated with frescos by G. Campi) and St Sigismodo’s (embellished with beautiful frescos by XVI-century painters from Cremona).

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Gruppo Mirage - Gemelli s.r.l. Via Casella, 61 - 20156 Milano - P.IVA 10325510153

My House Apartments Cremona Via Cadolini, 11 - 26100 Cremona - Italy - Phone +39 338 9292250 - paola@gruppomirage.it
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